What is the difference between hydrogen silicone oil and methyl silicone oil?

What is the difference between hydrogen silicone oil and methyl silicone oil?

Silicone oils are one of the most common types of silicone polymers. Their distinct characteristics, including exceptional thermal stability, minimal surface tension, and chemical inertness, render them indispensable across various industrial and consumer uses. There are two types of silicone oil: hydrogen silicone oil and methyl silicone oil. They both differ in their chemical composition and properties.

Let’s understand this difference in detail.

Hydrogen silicone oil

Hydrogen silicone oil generally contains hydrogen atoms directly bonded to the silicon atoms in its structure, which may include variants like phenyl hydrogen silicone oils where a phenyl group is also present. This unique chemical structure provides a higher reactivity in comparison to methyl silicone oil. Hydrogen silicone oil is used as a coupling agent in the manufacturing of rubber products, as it plays a major role in improving adhesion between rubber and other materials. Hydrogen silicone oil is also used in the aerospace and automotive industries, where it is used as a lubricant under high-temperature applications.


Methyl silicone oil

Methyl silicone oil contains a methyl group in its chemical structure, making it less reactive and more stable, as well as resistant to oxidation. Methyl silicone oil is generally used as a lubricant and release agent in various manufacturing industries, such as plastic, rubber, and ceramics. It is also used as a defoamer in the production of coatings.

Key differences between hydrogen silicone oil and methyl silicone oil

A key difference between hydrogen silicone oil and methyl silicone oil lies in their levels of thermal stability, with hydrogen silicone oil being superior in this regard. Hydrogen silicone oil has a higher thermal stability than methyl silicone oil. Thus, hydrogen silicone oil is more suitable for applications where high temperatures are involved, such as in the automotive and aerospace industries.

Hydrogen silicone oil and methyl silicone oil exhibit different physical properties. Due to its high viscosity and surface tension, hydrogen silicone oil is less spreadable. This characteristic is particularly beneficial in the rubber manufacturing industry, where it improves adhesion.

In contrast, methyl silicone oil has a lower viscosity and surface tension, which facilitates easier spreading. This property is especially useful in the production of coatings, where low viscosity is advantageous.

For high-temperature applications, hydrogen silicone oil is the most preferred choice, since it is more reactive and thermally stable. On the other hand, methyl silicone oil is more used as a lubricant, release agent, and defoamer.


Ultimately, understanding the distinction between hydrogen silicone oil and methyl silicone oil is crucial when selecting a silicone-based product for a specific application. Nevertheless, they have the same characteristics as silicones, including thermal stability, low toxicity and weathering resistance, but have a very different structure which results in different properties. Methyl silicone oil with methyl groups linked to silicone, is widely utilized across a broad range of industries, including cosmetics, due to its good thermal and oxidative stability. However, hydrogen-silicone oil has hydrogen atoms attached to the silicone atoms, and this structure enhances the reactivity of the oil. This key feature differentiates it from others and can be used as a water repellant and a curing agent for silicone rubbers, where it provides excellent adhesion and flexibility.

The selection between two types of silicone oils is dependent on their properties and applications. Each type of silicone oil has its unique properties and capabilities, that cannot be substituted for one another.

Back to blog